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The New Generation Of Architects Looking For Positive Changes In Russian Architecture In Cities

Russia’s cities and urban areas have grown and become quite modern since the end of World War II. For some time now, they have used applications of architecture’s modern movement which have had a major effect on the country’s development and for urban expansions. The new generation of professional architects is moving forward to make even more changes that will benefit habitants.

Pressure being placed on the modern movement has caused a higher level of focus on urbanization and a great deal more attention on increased development vs any other issues.

Housing has become the major concern within the urban development plan which has led to massive construction of residential complexes while promoting the values of Communism in every aspect of the building process.

No matter what the Modern Movement’s intentions were for recreational spaces that would complement new housing, their over-zealousness for living spaces caused public spaces to be placed on the political back burner.

This has caused poor designing of public spaces, causing a negative effect that is not inspiring to the people who are living in these communities.

After so many decades of Soviet Modernism, the same old model is still being used by the architects and planners who are behind the development of Russia’s cities. This can be a problem because there is a need for support from both the state and private investors. Constantly relying on the Modern Movement as the foundation for design and construction has caused a division within urban development. Over-emphasis on spaces for automobiles has forced the needs of human inhabitants to the side.

The upside, the new generation of professionals understand all too well that Soviet architecture is not the right solution for today’s Russia. They are actively looking for new approaches, moving away from rationalists, schematic model to something that realizes that cities are living organisms that will grow on their own.

This new generation of architects is looking for new ideas for developing cities as a support for the complexities of human lives and their needs. This, in turn, takes time to analyze and the ability to comprehend the spacial challenges that come with it.

They are looking to promote a changeable structure design that has the ability to foster diversity and spontaneity which in turn will arouse the human aspect of Russian cities.

To ensure that future generations of professionals support and continue making changes, Strelka Institute, along with support from DOMRF and the Russian government, has created the ARCHITECTS RF Program in order to tap into the personal and professional potential of its participants. Its goal is to develop their softer skills while providing them with the tools that are necessary to create new urban spaces and plans for Russia’s future cities.

There are so many wonderful opportunities that have come about during times of change, this is the perfect time for the young up-and-coming architects of Russia.

The ARCHITECTS RF Program has chosen 100 Russian architects that are willing to take on and confront the challenges that lay ahead. These professional architects are under the age of 40 and are working to bring about interesting projects that will change the mindset of their fellow professionals as well as the mindset of their compatriots by offering them a cutting edge for contemporary life.

One of the major players leading the movement for change is Strelka KB. This organization has spent the last 5 years pushing authorities, architects, and academics to see Russia’s cities as integrated systems.

They are also demonstrating that urbanization should embrace the needs of the people who drive it:

 

Architecture History: Skyscrapers Of The Past

Humanities incessant fascination with defying gravity is nothing new. It has existed throughout time and man has been in a constant battle with himself in the pursuit of building higher and higher skyscrapers. It has been a non-stop cycle wand this has led to the definition of skyscrapers to be continuously redefined through the passage of time.

Advancement in technology has enabled man to redefine the skyscraper benchmark over and over again. But if you stop for a moment to consider that skyscrapers have existed in form or another throughout history and that it is something that we share with our predecessors.

Let’s take a trip down the memory lane and let’s look at some of the skyscrapers from the history of civilizations.

 

La Venta Pyramid, La Venta

900 BC | Height: 34m-110ft

Today, if you visit the city of La Venta, located in Tabasco, Mexico, it will seem like any other city. But this is no ordinary city, it was once the capital of the great Olmec civilization and the pyramid of La Venta was truly a wonder of its time. It was the central building of the city that stood in all its might leaving spectators spell bounded.

The most interesting fact is that the pyramid of La Venta was actually a rectangular pyramid with inset corners and stepped sides. This great building was made entirely of clay and such had been its might that it has withstood 2500 years worth of corrosion.

 

La Danta Temple, El-Mirador

300 BC | Height: 72m-236 ft

If you are asked to sum up the Mayan Empire in a few words, you can safely answer – La Danta Temple.

A stone building constructed with stone-age tools, this iconic temple speaks volumes about the greatness of Mayan Empire. In its glory days, it was the pride of the city of Mirador, towering over the central Acropolis and main city plaza.

 

Pyramid of the sun, Teotihuacan, Mexico.

100 AD | Height: 71m-233ft

The third skyscraper on the list is another pyramid, which isn’t a surprise as pyramids were the structure of choice in the past.

The Pyramid is situated in the ancient city of Teotihuacán, Mexico and is the 3rd largest pyramid in the world. It is amongst the best tourist attractions in Mexico City, leaving visitors in awe because of its sheer size.

It is a common misconception that the Pyramid of the sun is an Aztec temple. However, this is incorrect as this masterpiece was constructed by the Teotihuacans, which existed at a much earlier time. Unfortunately, not much is known about the Teotihuacans and hence, the purpose for which the Pyramid of the Sun was built has been a subject of a lot of debate.

 

Step pyramid, Saqqara

2650 BC | Height: 62m-203 ft

Though pyramids have been constructed by civilizations across the globe, however, when it comes to these structures, the country that comes to mind instantly is Egypt. It can be safely said that pyramids are the most famous structures of Egypt and in this regards, let’s take at look at one of the most prestigious pyramid.

Commonly known as Step Pyramid, the Pyramid of Djoser is considered to be the first Egyptian pyramid. It isn’t a surprise that the appearance of this pyramid is quite different from the pyramids built later.

Located in the Saqqara necropolis, the Step pyramid was built during the Third dynasty for the burial of Pharaoh Djoser. It is considered as the earliest large-scale cut stone construction. The pyramid stood 62 meters tall, with a base of 109 m × 125 m and was clad in polished white limestone.

The construction of the step pyramid was a pivotal step in the history of Egypt as it led to the ambitious pyramid construction program that ultimately led to the construction of Great Pyramids at Giza.

 

Colosseum, Rome

80 AD | Height: 49m-160 ft

Moving on from pyramids, let’s take a look at an architectural wonder that is regarded as one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world – The Colosseum.

It is without a doubt that the Colosseum is the most recognizable classical building in Rome. It was constructed 2,000 years ago and has been subject to a lot of damage over the years. Despite the fact that this structure has been affected by excessive damage like being abandoned, pillaged for building materials, destroyed in numerous earthquakes, this structure has survived the test of time and still stands today.

The actual name of the Colosseum is Flavian amphitheater. However, it became to be known as the Colosseum as it gained immense fame because of the colossal statue of Nero. When it was built, it was the first permanent and the largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire. It measured around 620 by 513 feet (190 by 155 meters) and could accommodate 60,000 seated and 10,000 standing spectators.

The distinctive feature of the Colosseum was that it consisted of a freestanding structure composed of concrete and stone. This was unique as amphitheaters were traditionally dug into the hillsides in order to provide the required support. Furthermore, the structure consisted of around 80 entrances, which means that even when fully packed, all the people inside the Colosseum could easily leave in a matter of minutes.

 

Lighthouse of Alexandria

280 BC-1323 AD | Height : 137m-450 ft

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also called the Pharos of Alexandria, is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was a ground-breaking technological achievement and become the model for on which all lighthouses have been built ever since.

The lighthouse of Alexandria was constructed in the 3rd century BC and was more than 350 feet high, making it one of the tallest man-made structures for many centuries.

Unfortunately, the lighthouse of Alexandria was damaged significantly during the 14th century when the region was hit by major earthquakes.

 

Article by HL Architects Durham

Earth-friendly Homes

Choosing Green Products & Materials For Earth-friendly and Adaptive Homes

In this day and age, everyone has become very aware of green products that are earth-friendly and good for the environment. These green products are now reaching the building of new homes or when homeowners decide to renovate. Architects, builders, and designers are opting for earth-friendly, adaptive materials that will make homes a healthier environment. With the constant changes in the needs of people, it’s time to understand the economic and health factors for designing safer homes.

Read on to understand the terms Earth-friendly and Adaptive homes.

Earth-friendly home

Earth-friendly Homes

Designing earth-friendly homes have come to light through the efforts of several countries for providing a cleaner environment, creating sustainable living, and improving health. Designers and builders have advanced and developed better skills in order to meet the new demands of their clients. When talking about environmentally friendly homes, this includes the materials used to either renovate or build a new home. Many architects and builders are turning to biodegradable materials for a home’s interior. This is a very interesting concept that actually takes ideas from ancient times when materials for homes came from nature.

For the construction of an earth-friendly home, even the paint products must be eco-friendly. Not only for safer walls but also the health and well-being of the occupants. Another concept being applied is the creation of outdoor rooms. Outdoor rooms use only natural light and air, cutting back on the cost energy. Along with eco-friendly homes, having eco-friendly products will lead to a healthier and environmentally sustainable lifestyle.

 

Adaptive Homes

Adaptive home designs consist of two major factors:

• The ability of a home to adapt to a changing lifestyle of the residents
• The ability of a home to adapt while withstanding many environmental changes.

These designs should create a sustainable lifestyle that provides the home with a better longevity and the occupants enjoying a safer lifestyle.

The Wind Engineering Research Center has stated that using stronger lumber and concrete, good quality insulated panels, and domed ceilings will help homes withstand severe weather. These conditions include storms, tornadoes, and possibly earthquakes. With the rise in serious weather conditions hitting the country, yearly, it only makes common sense to use better quality materials for building homes.

These homes should also have adaptive spaces such as sliding doors and even secret rooms. These are concepts are being used by builders and interior designers for superior designs in limited floor areas while still providing a good deal of space for a growing family. It is also important to choose a design that will be much easier to renovate when there is a need to expand. This is the concept that architects have named Adaptive Home Designs.

An Additional Note: Consider purchasing space-saver items and multipurpose furniture.

 

Formaldehyde flooring

Hidden Unhealthy Chemicals

Designers know that the planning process must incorporate the needs of their clients both emotionally and psychologically. They must also take into consideration the materials being applied to products through treatments and processing during manufacturing.

Unfortunately, many products are manufactured using a dangerous chemical called Formaldehyde. These products include, but not limited to, synthetic carpeting and underlays, insulation, paints, particleboard, adhesives, foam cushions, and plywood. Formaldehyde is also commonly found in many cosmetics, for better absorbency in paper towels, and fabric softeners! Wrap around this thought: Formaldehyde is a chemical used in the embalming process!

Research has proven that formaldehyde gives off gases that cause allergic reactions, triggers asthma attacks, and is an eye irritation. Although problems can be alleviated when changes are made to the home’s environment, there can be many other issues such as migraines, MCS or Multiple Chemical Sensitivities causing chronic candida infection (also known as a yeast infection), and heavy metal poisoning from certain products such as paint. If you or a family member are suffering from any sudden reactions or symptoms it is important to contact a health care professional who is knowledgeable in environmental illnesses.

 

Natural & Healthy Choices

Moving away from chemically treated products and using natural products instead for an eco-friendly home environment seems to be the wiser choice. You can make small changes within your home that are natural, cost-efficient, and good for you. Instead of running out to the store and purchasing an electric air purifier, buy plants instead! Plants can remove pollutants from the air giving you cleaner, healthier surroundings and are decorator friendly!

That said, how can you know which plants will work the best and what toxins are present in your environment? Interior designers have discovered NASA’s list of the best plants that are the most effective. Some of the most popular and effective plants include the Spider Plant, Dragon Lily, and Date Palm. With careful planning, a designer can choose the right plants and flowers to add a wonderful touch to their client’s décor. They will choose plants that are easy to maintain and yet are highly productive at cleaning the air.

Whether your environment is a large business, small shop, your office, or your home, you need to plan carefully to create what you are looking for. Whether you are a client or a Do It Yourself enthusiast, there will be many questions that an interior decorator or designer can help you out with. In general, they know the building codes that comply with the acceptable materials vs harmful materials. Living a healthy lifestyle goes far beyond the removal of diseases, it’s an interior that provides a sense of well-being and toxin-free surroundings.

Chemicals have been used in products for way too long and have proven to lead to a large range of health issues. Read the labels of household products and find out what the heck is in the products. Comprehensive research online can help sift through many common products and discover what you should stay away from. Even though many homes are now being constructed using natural, safe materials, you can still change your home’s environment into something that you will feel so much better about. Talk with environmentally knowledgeable designers for interior alternatives. If you are an interior designer, provide your clients with healthy, safe, choices when renovating or redesigning their homeses.