In 1911, Walter Gropius along with his contemporary Adolf Meyer designed the Fagus Factory in Germany. It was Gropius’ first major project and a significant moment for modernism.
In 1919, Gropius founded the Bauhaus school of art and design. Students discussed philosophies that eventually shaped modernism throughout Europe and eventually the entire world.
These students were taught a certain design approach that encompassed a huge spectrum from architecture, furniture, and typography to name a few. By studying form and materials, they became the masters of understated, plain expressions that did not include repetitious additions that were popular in classical extravagances. These older concepts were seen as unnecessary and totally nonfunctional in the eyes of these students.
When the Nazi party took over Germany, there were very few examples of Bauhaus architecture because the school closed in 1933. The followers and developers of Bauhaus architecture emigrated mostly to the United States. Their influence would eventually develop into the International Movement that took place decades later.
Here are some of the buildings in Germany that developed out of the earlier years of Walter Gropius and the Bauhaus:
The Fagus Factory
In 1911, Walter Gropius and his contemporary Adolf Myer designed this building. It was Gropius’ first major project and became a significant factor in modernism. Gropius new design concepts, forms, and functionality is prominent in the large windows which were designed to provide natural light for the workers.
One of the major concepts behind Bauhaus school was implementing visual art and design then treating them as one. The Dessau school building is a perfect example of prominent modern-type characters, manifesting the equality between architecture and typography. Typography is the art of printing with type.
The Bauhaus Building
One of the most important principles at the Bauhaus school was all visual art and design were to be as one. If you look closely at the modern type characters on the Dessau school building, you will see total equality between the architecture and the typography.
The Bauhaus Dormitory
As you look at the beauty and simplicity of the balconies at the Bauhaus, you can easily imagine students stepping out to enjoy the surrounding views or take in the evening air.
In further studies, the grand, one-of-a-kind estates and homes were significantly different than the contrasting and complex Meisterhäuser which was the detached home of the Bauhaus director.
Haus am Horn
Built for the Bauhaus exhibition in 1923, this home was designed by artist Georg Muche. It echoes Bauhaus modernism with its complete simplicity and functionally structured design.